Breaking News
 |  | 

Uncategorized

Commuter Airways dari Longy Island Bandara MacArthu

img-responsive

.spinner-container { width:25%; top:20px; left:50%; margin-left:-12.5%; border-radius:8px; position:fixed; text-align:center; box-shadow:0 0 10px rgba(0,0,0,0.24); background:#fff; overflow:hidden; } .spinner-container p{ font-family:'Roboto', Arial, sans-serif; color:rgba(0,0,0,0.87); margin:12px 0 16px 0; padding:0; font-size:12px; } .spinner-container img{ width:22px; height:22px; margin:16px 0 0; padding:0; }

Translating…

Introduction:

Although commuter airline operations, conducted by quite loads of unbiased about-exclusively turboprop aircraft that accommodated between 19 and 50 passengers, augmented Lengthy Island MacArthur Airport’s six-and-a-half decade scheduled carrier ancient past, they had been integral to its pattern as a regional airfield , offering every origin-and-destination and connecting, main-carrier aligned, two-letter code section links to many northeast cities with tools optimized for sector length, demand, means, frequency, and payment.

These services and products shall be subdivided into “Initial Service,” “Dwelling-Airport Shuttles,” “Northeast Commuter Service,” “Code-Share Hub Feed,” and “Final Commuter Carrier Operation” classes.

Initial Service:

Initial, scheduled carrier, inaugurated quickly after the airport’s 5,000-sq.-foot, rectangular-formed terminal was achieved, entailed a tri-city route plan, connecting Lengthy Island with Boston, Newark, and Washington, and operated in 1959 by Gateway Airways with de Havilland DH.104 Dove and DH.114 Heron aircraft.

The aged, a archaic low-flee monoplane with a 57-foot span and two de Havilland Gipsy Queen 70 Mk 3 six-cylinder, air-cooled, in-line piston engines rated at 400 hp, was designed to meet the Brabazon Committee’s Kind VB specifications for a put up-war mini- or commuter-airliners, nonetheless nonetheless integrated several “mammoth aircraft” traits, in conjunction with all-steel Redux bonding building, geared and supercharged powerplants, braking propellers, energy operated trailing edge flaps, and a tricycle undercarriage configuration.

Equivalent to it, its DH.114 Heron successor, seating between 14 and 17 in an 8.6-foot longer cabin, was powered by four 250-hp Gipsy Queen 30 Mk 2 piston engines and had a 13,500-pound heinous weight, whose lift was facilitated by a 71.6-foot wingspan. It first flew in prototype form on Might presumably presumably also merely 10, 1950.

Inauspicious and brief-lived, the Gateway Airways flights, most challenging lasting eight months, nonetheless served as the aerial threshold to Lengthy Island MacArthur’s future northeast commuter operations.

Dwelling-Airport Shuttles:

Whereas Gateway’s Newark carrier paved easy study how to a form of, identical reveal-airport shuttles, it demonstrated that if Lengthy Island MacArthur might perhaps no longer provide further-afield carrier by itself, it’s far going to present snappily-hop connections to a form of, more established Fresh York airports that will perhaps presumably.

One such are trying, despite the reality that a shrimp longer in duration, occurred between 1979 and 1980 with Nitlyn Airways, whose Piper PA-31-350 Navajo Chieftains tried to feed TWA’s flights at JFK.

Supposed as a successor to the firm’s PA-23-250 twin piston interior most and govt Aztec, the Navajo had a 34.6-foot length and 40.8-foot span. Powered by two 425-hp Lycoming TIGO-541-E1A six-cylinder, horizontally antagonistic engines, it had a 7,800-pound heinous weight and 1,285-mile range, and shall be configured with a form of identical old, commuter, and enterprise seating preparations for as much as eight, who boarded by the spend of an aft, left air stair door.

Noteworthy later in MacArthur’s ancient past, one other carrier, enjoying elevated longevity and success, linked the Lengthy Island airfield with Newark Global Airport. In this case, the airline was Brit, which operated below a Continental Explain code-section settlement for the plan of feeding Continental’s mainline flights and the tools encompassed the very unusual ATR-42-300.

This originate, which has but to be usurped by a more righteous turboprop in 2020, stays one of the 2 premier regional airliners.

Following essentially the most unusual intra-European cooperation kind, the French Aerospatiale and Italian Aeritalia aerospace corporations elected to collaborate on a regional airliner that mixed originate parts of their respective, as soon as-honest AS-35 and AIT-230 proposals.

Redesignated ATR-42-the letters representing the French “Avions de Transport Regional” and “Aerei di Trasporto Regionale” and the amount reflecting the average seating means-the excessive-flee, twin-turboprop, no longer-reasonably-t-tail with its main undercarriage bogies retracting into fuselage underside blisters, was powered by two 1,800-shp Pratt and Whitney Canada PW120 engines when it first flew as the ATR-42-200 on August 16, 1984. The production version, the ATR-42-300, featured uprated, 2,000-shp powerplants.

Of stylish airliner originate, it accommodated as much as 49 four-abreast passengers with a central aisle, overhead storage compartments, a flat ceiling, a galley, and a lavatory.

Granted its French and Italian airworthiness certificate in September of 1985 after final meeting in Toulouse, France, it entered scheduled carrier four months later on December 9 with Air Littoral. With a 37,300-pound maximum takeoff weight, it had a 265-knot maximum tempo at a 25,000-foot carrier ceiling.

Northeast Commuter Service:

Although Gateway Airways was the basic to present northeast commuter carrier from the then-fledgling airport in Islip, many carriers followed within the following decades-this time from the new oval passenger terminal that changed the authentic rectangular one.

One of many early ones was Pilgrim Airways, which operated two nonstops to Albany, one to Groton / Fresh London, two to Fresh Haven, and a single frequency to Washington-Nationwide, largely with de Havilland of Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter aircraft.

Incorporating the rugged simplicity of its predecessor, the one-engine DHC-3 Otter, designed for faraway, unprepared field operations usually within the bush, it retained its standard excessive flee configuration and diverse its flee and fuselage parts, nonetheless introduced double the assortment of powerplants. Featuring a elevated, 51.9-foot total length to facilitate the set up of as much as 20 seats divided by an aisle, a 65-foot span with double-slotted trailing edge flaps, and a redesigned nostril and tail, it light employed the Otter’s mounted, tricycle undercarriage and brief takeoff and touchdown (STOL) functionality.

Powered by two 652-shp Pratt and Whitney Canada PT6A-27 engines, it first flew on Might presumably presumably also merely 20, 1965. Its three variations incorporated the DHC-6-200 with an extended nostril for elevated baggage home, and the DHC-6-300 , which had a 210-mph maximum tempo and 12,500-pound heinous weight.

Rather then the Fokker F.27 Friendship, the DHC-6 Twin Otter became Pilgrim’s workhorse, making the 20-minute hop all the procedure through Lengthy Island Sound from Islip to Fresh Haven. On the December 1, 1985 duvet of its plan timetable, it marketed, “Fresh nonstops to Washington and Fresh Haven.”

Connecticut competition from NewAir, which was originally designated Fresh Haven Airways, supplied identical carrier. Essentially based entirely at Tweed Fresh Haven Airport, it marketed itself as “Connecticut’s Airline Connection,” nonetheless utilized low-flee, equally-sized Embraer EMB-110 Bandeirante commuter aircraft.

Named after the Brazilians who explored and colonized the western allotment of the country within the 17th century, the archaic originate, with two three-bladed turboprops and a retractable tricycle undercarriage, accommodated between 15 and 18 passengers. It was the basic South American commercial aircraft to were ordered by European and US carriers.

At the initiating carrying circular passenger windows and powered by PT6A-20 engines, it entailed a 3-prototype certification program, every aircraft respectively first taking to the air on October 28, 1968, October 19, 1969, and June 26, 1970. Although to start out with designated the C-95 when open-ordered by the Brazilian Air Force (for 60 of the kind), the EMB-110 was certified two years later on August 9.

Powered by PT6A-27 engines, production aircraft featured sq. passenger windows, a 50.3-foot wingspan, a forward, left air stair door, and redesigned nacelles so that the basic undercarriage objects shall be absolutely enclosed within the retracted reveal.

Designated EMB-110C and accommodating 15, the kind entered scheduled carrier with Transbrasil on April 16, 1973 and it was integral in filling its and VASP’s feederline wants.

Six rows of three-abreast seats with an offset aisle and 12,345-pound heinous weights characterized the third level / commuter EMB-110P version, whereas the longer fuselage EMB-110P2, first ordered by French commuter carrier Air Littoral, was powered by uprated, 750-shp PT6A-34s and supplied seating for 21.

Per NewAir’s September 1, 1983 timetable, it served the eight locations of Baltimore, Islip, Fresh Haven, Fresh London, Newark, Fresh York-La Guardia, Philadelphia, and Washington-Nationwide. From Lengthy Island MacArthur itself, it supplied two day-to-day departures to Baltimore, two to Fresh Haven, and one to Fresh London.

Air carrier was additionally supplied to enem reveal Rhode Island by Newport Inform Airport essentially based entirely Nationwide Air. “All flights are operated with 22-passenger CASA C-212-200 aircraft, offering Nationwide Air’s passengers with widebody, stand-up headroom consolation,” it advertized. “In-flight carrier (beverage most challenging) is supplied on all flights by courteous flight attendants.”

Designed by Construcciones Aeronautics SA (CASA) as a multi-feature transport for the Spanish Air Force, the excessive-flee, twin-engine, mounted tricycle undercarriage originate sported porthole-formed passenger windows, a dorsal fin, and a rear loading ramp that led to the uninterrupted, box-formed cabin. Its civil application was nonetheless even handed as from originate inception.

Supposed as a alternative for the Spanish Air Force’s now antiquated Junkers Ju.52 / 3ms, Douglas DC-3s, and CASA 207 Azors, it was powered by two 776-shp Garrett AiResearch TPE331 turboprops. Two prototypes, first flying on March 26 and October 23 of 1971, preceded the basic production example, which took to the sky a year later on November 17.

In military guise, it was operated as a paratrooper, an air ambulance, a freighter, a crew coach, and a photograph surveyor, whereas its commercial counterpart, the C-212C, accommodated 19 passengers.

The C-212-200, with a 44.9-foot total length, 62.4-foot wingspan, 900-shp Garrett AiResearch TPE331-10-501C engines, a 219-mph cruise tempo, a 28,000-foot carrier ceiling, and a 16,093- pound heinous weight, had a 470-mile range with its maximum gas.

By the cease of 1981, 292 civil and military Aviocars had been in operation in 27 nations.

From Islip, Nationwide Air operated three day-to-day departures to Newport to the east with continuing carrier to Windfall and Boston and three to Fresh York-JFK within the west. Philadelphia was the appropriate a form of destination in its minuscule route plan today. Passenger verify-in, fancy that of NewAir, took reveal on the Pilgrim Airways set counter.

Yet every other Fresh England-served reveal from Islip was Vermont by accurately named Air Vermont.

Essentially based entirely in Morrisville and established in 1981, it served 13 northeast cities, in line with its October 1, 1983 timetable: Albany, Berlin (Fresh Hampshire), Boston, Burlington, Hartford, Lengthy Island, Nantucket, Newport (Vermont), Fresh York- JFK, Portland, Washington-Nationwide, Wilkes-Barre / Scranton, and Worcester. It additionally passe the now-crowded Pilgrim Airways services and products.

Its immediate consisted of Piper PA-31-350 Navajo Chieftains and Beech C99s.

The latter, presumably its “flagship,” was a pattern of the Queen Air enterprise / govt aircraft, whose means was inadequate for commuter routes. Subjected to a fuselage stretch in 1965, which gave it a brand new, 44.7-foot total length, it was now ready to accommodate 15 passengers arranged in single seats on either side of a central aisle. It featured an aft, left air stair door.

Powered by two 715-shp Pratt and Whitney Canada PT6A-27 engines, but comparable to its Queen Air predecessor with its low flee, archaic tail, and retractable tricycle undercarriage, it bought its FAA form approval on Might presumably presumably also merely 2, 1968. With a 10,900- pound heinous weight and 283-mph maximum cruise tempo, it had between a 530- and 838-mile range, relying upon payload-to-gas ratios.

Commuter Airways of Chicago inaugurated it into carrier. Although 164 B99s and B99As had been produced, the C99, with a 44-cubic-foot eternal, below-fuselage pannier, supplied a wanted addition to the otherwise identical old forward and aft baggage compartments. The latter, which marked the resumption of the kind’s production in 1979, had uprated, 715-shp PT6A-36 engines and a 285-knot maximum tempo at 8,000 feet. It first flew on June 20 of the following year.

Nationwide Air supplied three day-to-day nonstops to Newport with the aircraft departing at 0935, 1345, and 1850. All persisted on to Albany and Burlington.

There were several a form of commuter carriers, which, fancy actors, every periodically and immediate looked on the MacArthur stage to amass passengers and transport them to northeastern locations with an stare in opposition to making a profit. Many did no longer.

Albany-essentially based entirely Mall Airways, for example, in existence between 1973 and 1989, served 18 locations in Connecticut, Fresh Jersey, Fresh York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Virginia, alongside with running trans-border sectors to Ontario and Quebec in Canada, despite the reality that hardly ever ever all from Islip. A heavy Fresh York reveal route focus had it contact down in Albany, Binghamton, Buffalo, Elmira, Islip, Ithaca, Fresh York-La Guardia, Rochester, Syracuse, and White Plains with a immediate of Piper Navajo Chieftains, Beech King Air 90s, B99s, and B1900Cs.

The latter, a stretched version of the Mountainous King Air (which in excessive-density commuter configuration might perhaps elevate 13), retained the identical low flee mounting and t-tail, nonetheless its longer, 25.3-foot cabin, with a 425 cubic-foot volume, accommodated 19 with a central aisle. Supposed for multiple-pause commuter routes, it was powered by two flee-mounted Pratt and Whitney Canada 1,100-shp PT6A-65B engines and will feature from grass and unprepared fields. First flying on September 3, 1982, it was certified the following year on November 22.

The more capacious B1900D, most challenging the 2d 19-seater to present standup headroom after the British Aerospace Jetstream 31, introduced a elevated ceiling, elevated internal volume, more highly efficient engines, modified propellers, winglets, a elevated tail, and an digital flight instrument plan (EFIS) cockpit.

Yet every other Fresh York Inform-essentially based entirely, Lengthy Island MacArthur operator, mirrored by its very name, was Empire Airways and it flew, on the very least to start out with, B1900C-comparable to tools-on this case, the Swearingen Metro.

Essentially based in 1976 by Paul Quackenbush, it inaugurated carrier from Utica / Rome’s Oneida Country Airport, usually to little cities that had been deserted by Allegheny Airways, and at final touched down within the ten states of Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Fresh Jersey, Fresh York, Ohio, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Virginia, and the 2 Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec.

Mirroring the now Allegheny absorbed route plan of Mohawk Airways, the “Empire Inform” carrier served Albany, Binghamton, Buffalo, Elmira, Islip, Ithaca, Fresh York-JFK, Fresh York-La Guardia, Niagara Falls, Rochester, Syracuse, White Plains , and Utica / Roma.

Although it operated 13 Fokker F.28-4000 Fellowship pure-jets between 1980 and 1986, six Metro IIs formed the backbone of its earlier turboprop immediate.

Itself a stretch of the six- to eight-passenger Swearingen Merlin IIIA govt aircraft, it introduced an extended fuselage, increasing its length to 59.4 feet from the Merlin’s 42.2 for lodging of as much as 22, nonetheless retained its engines, flee, and tail surfaces . Designed by Ed Swearingen for commuter operations, it first flew on June 11, 1970, designated SA-226TC.

Swearingen itself became a subsidiary of Fairchild Industries in November of 1971, resulting within the kind’s San Antonio, Texas, final meeting.

Air Wisconsin became the basic main customer.

The upgraded Metro II, powered by 940-shp Garrett AiResearch TPE331-3U-303G engines and introduced in 1971, changed the authentic oval passenger windows with sq. ones, had a 43.3-foot wingspan, a 12,500-pound heinous weight, and will cruise at 294 mph.

Empire operated three day-to-day Metro flights to its Syracuse hub, departing at 0905, 1525, and 1830 and facilitating connections to Albany, Binghamton, Elmira, Ithaca, Montreal, Rochester, and Utica / Rome. Per its April 1, 1985 plan timetable, “Flights 1 through 99 are operated with 85-passenger Fokker F.28 jets. Flights 100 through 999 are operated with 19-passenger Swearingen Metro II jetprops.”

After Empire was obtained by Piedmont Airways in 1985, its Syracuse hub joined Piedmont’s have-that is, these in Baltimore, Charlotte, and Dayton.

Northeast carriers usually made their imprints on the Lengthy Island air field, fleeting despite the reality that they had been. Leisurely to the scene, Windsor Locks, Connecticut-essentially based entirely Shuttle The United States, a low-fare, de Havilland of Canada DHC-8-300 operator, inaugurated carrier between Hartford and Buffalo, nonetheless quickly touched down in Albany, Boston (in Hanscom Field) , Greensboro, Islip (as of November 13, 1998), Fresh York-La Guardia, Norfolk, Trenton, and Wilmington with its half-dozen aircraft.

Boston became the battleground for several honest commuter airways. One of many biggest carriers to connect Lengthy Island with it was Ransome Airways.

Essentially based by J. Dawson Ransome in 1967 and essentially based entirely at Northeast Philadelphia Airport, it commenced carrier that March with 11-passenger Beechcraft 18s, progressively expanding into a tremendously sized regional carrier with a northeast route plan. It operated every independently and aligned with main airways for two-letter code-section feed, namely as Allegheny Commuter, the Delta Connection, and at final Pan Am Explain. It operated for 28 years.

Two aircraft had been integral to its growth.

The main of these was the Nord 262. At the initiating envisioned as a pattern of the twin-engine MH-260 Broussard, which had first flown on July 29, 1960 and which consequently of this truth became the accountability of reveal-owned Nord Aviation, it was modified with a pressurized, circular fuselage to enable three-abreast seating for 24, first flying in prototype form as the redesignated Nord 262 two years later on December 24, then powered by two 1,080-shp Bastan VIB2 turboprops. Three pre-production and a single production example, visibly distinguishable by its dorsal fin, finally partook of the flight take a look at program.

Carrying a 63.3-foot length, a 71-foot span of its excessive flee, and a retractable tricycle undercarriage, it had a 23,370-pound heinous weight and will cruise at as much as 233 mph.

Lake Central Airways, US open customer with an list for 12, inaugurated the kind into carrier in Might presumably presumably also merely of 1965, and the aircraft was transferred to Allegheny three years later upon Lake Central’s acquisition. They had been consequently of this truth operated by the Allegheny Commuter consortium.

Which means that of its French powerplants hindered further US gross sales, it was retrofitted with five-bladed, 1,180-shp Pratt and Whitney Canada PT6A-45As and updated programs, and redesignated the Mohawk M-298 to mediate the FAR 298 airworthiness regulations that governed its operation.

First flying on January 7, 1975, it entered carrier two years later with Allegheny Commuter, of which Ransome was a member.

The a form of main form in its immediate, presumably then even handed as the “granddaddy” of the early commuter turboprops, was the de Havilland of Canada DHC-7.

Equivalent to, in total configuration, the DHC-6 Twin Otter, it featured an 80.8-foot total length; a excessive, straight flee with a 93-foot span; four 1,120-shp PT6A-50 turboprop engines; a sizeable dorsal fin; a t-tail; a retractable tricycle undercarriage; and lodging of 54 four-abreast passengers in a huge-stare cabin with a galley and a lavatory.

Supposed for brief takeoff and touchdown operations from fields as brief as 2,000 feet-and, in fact, was ready to feature from the runway stubs at Washington Nationwide Airport without requiring a particular touchdown slot-it generated excessive lift by the spend of the five-bladed , slack-turning propellers, that bathed the airfoils’ upper surface and eradicated the necessity for modern devices. Besides reducing exterior and internal cabin noise stages, it facilitated steep, managed approaches.

Construction of two prototypes, preceded by Canadian authorities financial backing, commenced in 1972, they in most cases first flew three years later on March 27 and June 26. The main production version, intended for open customer Rocky Mountain airways, first took to the sky on Might presumably presumably also merely 30, 1977.

With an 11,350-pound payload and a 44,000-pound maximum takeoff weight, it had ranges between 840 and 1,335 miles, the latter with its plump gas uplift.

Ransome got right here as shut as any a form of airline to keep a mini-commuter carrier hub at Lengthy Island MacArthur Airport with 23 day-to-day M-298 and DHC-7-100 weekday nonstops, in conjunction with three to Baltimore, six to Boston, two to Hartford, one to Newark, six to Philadelphia, and five to Windfall.

In its October 31, 1982 plan timetable, it proclaimed, “Rely on Ransome Airways, American’s most experienced regional airline.”

Yet every other, albeit noteworthy smaller, commuter carrier that supplied Boston carrier was Precision Airways. Essentially based entirely at Springfield Inform Airport in Springfield, Vermont, it operated Dornier Enact-228-200s.

Very loosely essentially based entirely upon the Enact-28D-2 Skyservant, a 12-passenger utility airplane, it equally sported a excessive-mounted “TNT Tragfluegels neuer Technologie” or “new know-how flee,” consisting of a Dornier A-5 airfoil section with swept tips.

Powered by two 715-shp Garrett AiResearch TPE331-5 engines, it had a 54.3-foot length and a 55.7-foot span. Retracting its undercarriage main bogies into below-fuselage fairings, it had a 12,570-pound heinous weight, 268-mph maximum cruising tempo at 10,000 feet, and 715-mile, plump-payload range.

Its two variations, the 15-passenger Enact-228-100 and the 19-passenger Enact-228-200, respectively first flew on March 28 and Might presumably presumably also merely 9, 1981.

Per Precision’s November 15, 1983 timetable, it supplied three day-to-day nonstops to Philadelphia and three to Boston from Islip, the latter continuing to Manchester, Fresh Hampshire.

Yet every other Boston carrier provider was Commercial Explain Airways.

Essentially based in 1982 as Atlantic Air, nonetheless stressing its enterprise-oriented route plan in its consequently of this truth changed name, it expanded by procuring one of the critical carriers that had independently served Islip, in conjunction with Pilgrim Airways in 1986 (which itself had already taken over NewAir); Mall Airways in 1989, which gave it glean admission to to the Canadian cities of Montreal, Toronto, and Ottawa; and Brockway Air, additionally in 1989, which provisioned it with a immediate of B1900Cs and Saab 340s. The latter became its MacArthur (and northeast) workhorse.

Because the basic collaborative US-European originate, it was jointly produced by Fairchild Corporation’s Swearingen subsidiary, which already had commuter airliner expertise, and Swedish manufacturer Saab AB, which did no longer, historically having centered on the military sector, similar to with its JAS- 39 Gripen mufti-feature wrestle originate.

Turning its consideration to a commercial application for the basic time, Saab began originate studies for a 30-passenger commuter turboprop. Thanks to the scope of the project, which can perhaps presumably were the biggest industrial endeavor in Sweden, it sought a threat sharing accomplice, which, within the match, looked as Fairchild. It would fabricate the wings, engine nacelles, and tail, whereas Saab itself would originate the fuselage and fin, and win 75 percent of the program’s pattern, programs integration, and certification aspects.

Designated SF-340 (for “Saab-Fairchild”), the following aircraft, an aerodynamically magnificent, low-flee monoplane with a excessive aspect ratio airfoil and mammoth-span single-slotted flaps, two 1,870-shp Unparalleled Electric CT79B engines, and a retractable tricycle undercarriage, accommodated 34 passengers at a 30-tear seat pitch with an offset aisle, enclosed overhead storage compartments, a galley, a lavatory, and a forward, left air stair.

Featuring a 64.9-foot length and a 70.4-foot span, the aircraft had a 7,500-pound payload and 29,000-pound maximum takeoff weight functionality. Unparalleled initial block hour gas consumption was 1,015 pounds out of the 5,690-pound entire.

Redesignated Saab 340 after Fairchild withdrew from the program, with 40 airframes having been built, Saab became the sole manufacturer of it.

The Saab 340B, succeeding the usual 340A, introduced more highly e function gtElInit() { var lib = new google.translate.TranslateService(); lib.setCheckVisibility(false); lib.translatePage('en', 'id', function (progress, done, error) { if (progress == 100 || done || error) { document.getElementById("gt-dt-spinner").style.display = "none"; } }); } mesin fficient, rentang stabilizer horisontal yang ditinggikan, bobot yang ditinggikan, dan rentang yang ditinggikan. The 340B Plus menyediakan manajemen kebisingan dan getaran yang energik.

Commercial Explain terbang 23 S-340As dan 20 S-340Bs. Setelah maskapai dibeli oleh AMR Eagle Retaining Corporation dan menjadi American Eagle pada tanggal 1 Desember 2000, perusahaan itu terus menampilkan setengah lusin nonstopnya dari Islip ke Boston dalam livery operator baru, meskipun kenyataan bahwa maskapai itu tidak lagi beroperasi. secara mandiri ada sendiri.

Sebagai cerminan yang lebih kecil dari Commercial Explain, CommutAir juga memasok operator Lengthy Island-Boston. Pada dasarnya berbasis di tahun 1989 dan pada akhirnya melayani 22 lokasi di timur laut dengan 30 B1900D penumpang 19, penumpang itu diberangkatkan tiga hari kerja ke Boston, dengan stabilitas delapan penerbangannya yang bertolak di Albany, Buffalo, Rochester, dan Syracuse.

Setelah beroperasi sebagai maskapai US Airways Explain dan Continental Connection, ia menyerahkan frekuensi Boston ke Colgan Air tepat waktu.

Layanan Umpan Hub Berbagi Kode:

Meskipun beberapa saluran udara meresmikan operator Islip sebagai operator yang jujur, mirip dengan Ransome, Precision, Commercial Explain, dan CommutAir, mereka akhirnya bertahan di bawah perjanjian bagian kode dua huruf dengan saluran udara utama dari Delta Connection ke Northwest Airlink. Beberapa awalnya beroperasi dengan kedok ini.

Salah satunya adalah konsorsium Allegheny Commmuter. “USAir dan Allegheny Commuter-kru yang sangat besar untuk dilewati,” operator mengumumkan dalam promosinya. “Layanan ke lebih dari 120 kota di AS dan Kanada. Semua penerbangan C500 hingga C1999 (tercantum dalam jadwal rencananya) diotorisasi oleh Civil Aeronautics Board. Penerbangan ini dioperasikan dengan Beech 99, de Havilland Twin Otter, de Havilland Run 7, Nord 262, M-298, Shorts 330, CASA-212, dan alat Metro Swearingen. “

Selain Ransome, Suburban Airways adalah anggota yang berharga dari konsorsium, untuk memulai dengan menjalankan Shorts 330 dan kemudian pesawat Shorts 360.

Pada dasarnya berdasarkan sepenuhnya pada awal 1960-an Skyvan, yang berusia dapat mengatur beberapa bagian aslinya ke dalamnya. Dicirikan oleh badan pesawat berpenampang kotak untuk pemuatan belakang lurus, pengangkutan gemuk yang dipasang secara berlebihan, ekor vertikal kembar, dan undercarriage roda tiga yang terpasang, jauh akan meningkatkan sebanyak 19 penumpang atau 4.000 pon kargo.

Sedangkan Shorts 330 yang lebih panjang dan ramping mempertahankan panel pelarian luar Skyvan, itu memperkenalkan bagian tengah baru, berbilah lima. Mesin PT6A-45 yang mengubah yang lama Garrett AiResearch, peralatan touchdown yang dapat ditarik, dan internal 30 kursi, tiga sejajar dengan kompartemen penyimpanan overhead tertutup.

Diluncurkan setelah menerima dana otoritas Inggris, untuk memulai dengan SD3-30 yang ditunjuk pertama kali terbang pada 22 Agustus 1974 dan diperintahkan oleh pelanggan terbuka Boom Airways di AS dan Time Air di Kanada.

Seri 200, menggantikan 100, memberikan bobot kejut 22.900 pon yang diperoleh dengan powerplants PT6A-45R 1.020-shp yang lebih efisien.

The Shorts 360, pola akhir Skyvan dan 330 garis keturunan, memiliki drag badan pesawat 3 kaki ke depan, menambah panjangnya dari 58 ke 70,6 kaki, bagian belakang meruncing dengan kontur yang direvisi, satu ekor vertikal tunggal, kinerja pelayaran yang ditingkatkan, dan penambahan dua baris kursi, peningkatan rata-rata dari 30 menjadi 36.

Terbang pertama pada 1 Juni 1981, pesawat ini memiliki bobot kejut 25.700 pon dan fungsi jelajah tempo berlebih 243 mph di ketinggian 10.000 kaki. Suburban Airways adalah pelanggan terbuka.

Rencana rute sepuluh titiknya mencakup Allentown, Binghamton, Buffalo, Lancaster, Pulau Panjang, London Segar / Groton, Newark, Segar York-JFK , Philadelphia, dan Reading. Pengangkut dalam penerbangan terdiri dari nampan udang keju cheddar dibuka, stik roti, keripik, dan pilihan minuman dari kereta.

Jadwal 1 November 1985-nya mencantumkan empat hari kerja non-stop ke Boston dan lima ke Philadelphia dari Islip.

Namun setiap awal-jika tidak lagi kerjasama pembawa-komuter-dasar-dasar adalah antara Henson dan Allegheny Commuter.

Dibuat pada tahun 1961 oleh Richard A. Henson sebagai Henson Aviation, operator bejat yang dipasang di Hagerstown, Maryland, ia meresmikan rute terjadwal ke Washington. tahun berikutnya di bawah nama “Komuter Hagerstown”. Melantik operator kode bagian dua huruf sebagai pembawa Commuter Allegheny lima tahun kemudian, mengoperasikan 15-penumpang Beech 99s.

Berkantor pusat di Salisbury, Maryland, pada tahun 1968, ia mempertahankan rencana rute tri-point, yang mencakup Philadelphia, Baltimore, dan Washington dan memperkenalkan petugas kabin pembawa dengan akuisisi pesawat Shorts 330, menggantikannya dengan de Havilland dari Kanada DHC-8-100s.

Setara dengan pendahulunya DHC-7, tetap saja membawa dua powerplants yang masuk akal, Run 37-penumpang didukung oleh 1.800-shp PW120s dan nacelles memanjang mereka memasok penyimpanan untuk struts undercarriage utama belakang yang menarik ke belakang. Dengan panjang 73 kaki dan lebar sayap 84,11 kaki, yang bagian tengahnya persegi panjang, namun bagian tempelnya menampilkan lancip dan dihedral, ia memiliki bobot kejut seberat 34.500 pon dan tempo 310 mph.

C-GDNK yang terdaftar, pertama kali terbang dalam bentuk prototipe pada 20 Juni 1983 dan dijatuhkan di pelanggan terbuka NorOntair pada 23 Oktober sebagai berikut tahun.

Lebih cepat daripada menjalankannya, miliki DHC-8-100, Henson, yang telah diberi nama baru “Henson, Maskapai Penerbangan Regional Piedmont” setelah Piedmont & # 39 Penyelesaian dengan itu, menerjunkan dua B99 sehari-hari (penerbangan 1710 dan 1719) dan tiga kali sehari Shorts 330s (penerbangan 1502, 1528, dan 1539) ke hub Baltimore di Piedmont, dengan koneksi ke Charlottesville, Hagerstown, Newport News, Norfolk, Ocean Metropolis, Richmond, Roanoke, Salisbury, Shenandoah Valley, dan Washington-Nationwide, sesuai dengan jadwal 15 Januari 1984.

Namun setiap pesawat regional lain yang sejajar dengan kapal induk, menjalankan dalam livery utamanya, pengeluaran kode dua hurufnya, dan memikat penyelesaian pemasaran bersama untuk aplikasi hub feed, adalah Atlantic Wing, yang mengambil alih profil United Explain.

Penyelesaian ini, yang berakhir pada 15 Desember 1989, memastikan saluran kota sekunder disalurkan ke Chicago-O Chicago-O & # 39; Hare dan Washington Hub -Dulles dengan beberapa pesawat komuter-Jetstream 31, Jetstream 41, DHC-8, dan EMB-120 di antaranya. Itu adalah bentuk terakhir yang dioperasikan ke Islip.

Membangun di atas muse yang dibuat oleh EMB-110 Bandeirante, EMB-120, fuselage terbang-rendah, pesawat melingkar, t-tail berasal dioptimalkan untuk 30 penumpang tiga-abreast, diambil dari fasilitas Sao Jose dos Campos Empresa Brasileira de Aeronautica SA di Sao Paulo. Ditenagai oleh dua mesin 1.800-shp Pratt dan Whitney Canada PW118 atau -118A, motor ini memiliki tempo maksimum, 298 knot dan langit-langit pembawa 30.000 kaki.

Sempurna untuk sektor komuter, itu menarik penjualan bruto AS yang cukup besar, bersama dengan 62 dari ASA Atlantic Southeast Airways, 40 dari Comair, 70 dari SkyWest , 35 dari WestAir, dan 34 dari Texas Air.

jadwal Atlantic Wing 31 Oktober 1990 menyebutkan, “Operator berikut memiliki penyelesaian kerjasama dengan United, menawarkan lokasi yang diperluas, terkoordinasi jadwal, dan pembawa surut identik ditampilkan di United. Operator yang relevan dan rentang penerbangan United: Atlantic Wing / United Menjelaskan: Nomor penerbangan UA3570-UA3739. ”

Empat penerbangan sehari ke Washington-Dulles berangkat pukul 0645, 1200, 1450, dan 1800.

Meskipun tidak lagi menawarkan umpan pembawa utama yang patut diperhatikan, salah satu operator bagian kode lainnya dari Longy Island MacArthur adalah Metro Air Northeast, yang menggunakan nama TWExpress, mengirim lima hari ke non-stop harian dengan pesawat Saab 340 pukul 0630, 0915, 1250, 1605, dan 1825 ke Albany dengan nomor penerbangan “7000”. Keberangkatan utama, misalnya, adalah TW 7941.

Jadwal 1 Desember 1990 dipasarkan, “Jarak terpendek antara Anda dan TWA” dan “Koneksi komuter Anda ke TWA.”

Operasi Pengangkut Komuter Final:

Alternatif, konsekuensi dari contoh pasar, adalah konstanta yang sesuai. Tetapi ketika harga gas dan operasional naik, bermacam-macam penerbangan komuter sehari-hari dan sebagian besar kota di timur laut mereka layani. Yang berarti bahwa, ketika para pemain maskapai menghilang, begitu juga para penumpang.

Menghargai kota hantu operasi komuter yang baling-baling bunyinya paling menantang adalah ini di dalam benak para penumpang yang mengingatnya, Longy Island MacArthur Airport menjadi panggung untuk final berusaha memulihkan mereka dalam kedok Alaska sepenuhnya-dasarnya berbasis PenAir.

Mengambil keuntungan dari Opini Insentif Pengangkut Udara FAA, yang mensyaratkan penurunan harga untuk menarik pendatang baru untuk memulai penerbangan di pasar yang kurang terlayani , itu mengubah operator Boston yang dikosongkan oleh American Eagle pada 2008 dengan meresmikan dua keberangkatan Saab 340 sehari, pada 0840 dan 1910, dengan satu prosedur, $ 119 biaya pengantar, mengutip Islip perpanjangan logis untuk rencana rute tiga poinnya Bar Harbor, Presque Isle, dan Plattsburgh. Namun logika tidak lagi secara konsisten menyamai profitabilitas dan setelah upaya yang gagah, pembawa tetap dibiarkan tanpa keinginan untuk tetap menghentikan carrier akibat komponen beban rendah.

Setelah banyak saluran udara komuter membuka pintu air penumpang di Bandara Longy Island MacArthur cepat atau lambat dengan durasi lebih dari lima dekade, PenAir tutup mereka. Pada kehancuran hari 2020, tidak ada lagi baling-baling tunggal yang menawarkan operator terjadwal untuk didengar.

commuter-airways-dari-longy-island-bandara-macarthu

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

POST YOUR COMMENTS

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Name *

Email *

Website